Known as the pearl of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka lies like a teardrop, falling from the tip of India's South Coast. Sri Lanka, the Isle of Serendipity is blessed with stunning landscapes, some of the most pristine beaches & turquoise sea. With its abundance of rare wild-life and rich foliage, its precious gem mines, its rolling hills carpeted with the best tea in the world, and its rich history and captivating cultural heritage, Sri Lanka is a breath-taking get-away. It is a place where the original soul of Buddhism still flourishes and where nature's beauty remains abundant and un-spoilt. Few places in the world can offer the traveller such a remarkable combination within such a compact location. Within a mere area of 65, 610 kilometers lies, 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 1,340 kilometers of coastline - much of it pristine beaches, 15 national parks showcasing an abundance of wildlife, nearly 500,000 acres of lush tea estates, 250 acres of botanical gardens & 350 waterfalls.
The location of Sri Lanka is within the tropics between 5o 55' to 9o 51' North latitude and between 79o 42' to 81o 53' East longitude. Thus the climate of the island is tropical.
Rainfall in Sri Lanka has multiple origins. Monsoonal, Convectional and expressional rain accounts for a major share of the annual rainfall. The mean annual rainfall varies from 900mm in the driest areas (south-eastern and north-western) to over 5000mm in the wettest areas (western slopes of the central highlands) The Rainfall experienced during 12 months period in Sri Lanka can be characterized into 4 seasons as follows.
1. Inter-monsoon Season - Mar - Apr
2. Southwest monsoon season - May - Sep
3. Second Inter-monsoon season - Oct - Nov
4. Northeast Monsoon season - Dec - Feb
South-west - The dry season begins in December and ends in April
North and East - The dry season begins in May & ends in September
In the lowlands, Up to an altitude of 100 m to 150 m, the mean annual temperature various between 26.5 0C to 28.5 0C, with an annual temperature of 27.5 0C. In the highlands, the temperature falls quickly as the altitude increases. The mean annual temperature of Nuwaraeliya, at 1800 m sea level, is 15.9 0C. The coldest month with respect to mean monthly temperature is generally January, and the warmest months are April and August.
Sri Lanka at a Glance
Official name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Commercial capital Colombo
Dimensions 432km North to South (Devundara to Point Peduru),
225km East to West (Colombo - Sangamankanda)
Currency (code) Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
Highest mountain Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest waterfall Bambarakanda, 263m
National Flower The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata)
Population 21,481,334 (July 2012 est.)
Density 323/km2 (2012 census)
Literacy rate 92%
Ethnic groups Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Languages Sinhala (national language) 74%, Tamil 18%, other 8%
Religions Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time is 5 1/2 hours ahead of GMT
International dialing code +94
Electricity 230. 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer
GDP - real growth rate: 8.2% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP) US $5,700 (2011 est.)
Per capita income US $ 2,399
Inflation 8.9 percent (Oct 2012)
Labour force Employment Rate - 95.8% Unemployment rate - 4.2 % Agriculture - 33%, Industry - 24.1%, Services - 42.8% (2011 survey),
Industries Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining.
Exports Textiles and garments (40% of total exports) and tea (17%). Others include: spices, gems, coconut products, rubber and fish
Imports petroleum, textiles, machinery and transportation equipment, building materials, mineral products, foodstuffs
Things to Buy Gem & Jewellery, batiks, spices, tea, garments, handicrafts and many more
About Sri Lanka
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